The Eravikulam National Park was created to preserve the Nilgiri Tahr, a rare species of the wild goats found only in the south of the Himalayas.
This park is abundantly rich with Shola forests and grasses, and is fairly new from its construction in 1978. The park sited in the Idukki district shares borders with Kerala and Tamilnadu.
History says that during the British rule, this region was owned by Rajamalai and Eravikulam, and then transferred to Kannan Deven Hills for tea plantation. It was later declared a sanctuary in 1975 and finally upgraded as a national park in 1978.