Gujarat, located on the Western coast of India, shares its boundary with neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. It gets its name from the word ‘Gujaratta’ which means the land of the Gurjars. The Gujjars or Gurjars are descendants from the Suryavanshi Kshatriyas or the Sun dynasty. Gujarat has lot of attractions to enthrall tourists. A huge flock of people visit Gujarat to become part of its colorful festivities and events. Right from rugged deserts and pristine sun kissed beaches to colorful festivities and cultural traditions, tourists can find all these and more in Gujarat. It is the magnetism of Gujarat that lures people to visit and explore it.
Gujarat is situated along the Arabian Sea, covering a coastline of around 1596 kilometers. It includes the Union territory of Daman and Diu, and shares it boundary with Pakistan and Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gandhinagar, the capital of Gujarat, is located on the west-central India, along the banks of the famous Sabarmati River. The city was designed into thirty residential sectors, in a style similar to the famous works of French architect Le Corbusier, who planned the city map of Chandigarh.
History of Gujarat
The evolution of Gujarat is found in mythology. According to Hindu sacred manuscripts, Lord Krishna, along with Balarama, deserted Mathura and migrated to Kushasthali, which is now known as Dwarka and thus it was the birth place of the Yadava dynasty. Dwarka later on became one of the four ‘Mathas’ or Seats founded by Adi Sankaracharya.
Topography of Gujarat
Gujarat is spread across an area of 196,077 square kilometers, and it is the seventh biggest state of India, in terms of both, area and population. It is situated in the western coastal region of India. Gujarat experiences varied climatic conditions. In the summer months, temperatures can go up to 41 degree Celsius during the day, while at night the temperature drops down to around 29 degree Celsius. During winter, the average temperature is around 29 degree Celsius during the day, while at night the temperature drops to around 12 degree Celsius. Monsoon comes in mid June, and during this season it is very humid and maximum rainfall is experienced
Culture of Gujarat
Gujarat culture is a mix of varied ethnic folks. Almost one-fifth of the total population comprises tribal and aboriginal communities. Foreign invaders, such as the Chalukyas, Moguls had hardly influenced the Guajarati culture. The ethical traits of the tribal populace, which includes Koli, Dubla, Gujjars, Naikda, and Bhangi, are greatly infused in Gujarati culture. The cuisine of Gujarat is worth trying. Most of the Gujaratis are vegetarian and Khichdi and Chaas are the staple foods. Cuisines like Thepla and Dhokla are quite popular across the state.
Tourism in Gujarat
Gujarat is a popular tourist destination where tourists can view the best sightseeing attractions such as natural caves, ancient cave paintings, and historical frescos. Majority of the attractions that pull tourists from all over the world are Gir Sanctuary, Rann of Kutch, Sasan Gir Wildlife Sanctuary, Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary, Kirti Mandir at Porbandar, Dwarka temple, Narayan temple, Takhteshwar temple, Pawagadh fort, Dabhoi fort, and Kusum Vilas Palace to name a few.